Tag: Disability discrimination

THE THREE VITAL DISABILITY LAWS

Introduction 

The major federal disability laws help to guard the disabled people by protecting their rights. Below is a description of the three vital disability laws Share LTD Law

THE IDEA 

There are some of the education laws that require schools that are public to have the capability to meet needs(unique) of eligible students(K-12) with disabilities. The law ensures the following: 

  • Provides free public education(appropriate) to disabled children(eligible) 
  • Ensures education that Is special and meets the needs of the disabled is provided. 
  • It governs how public agencies and states provide intervention(early) to disabled people  
  • It authorizes formula grants for special education support and discretionary grants for demonstrations, research, technical assistance, technology development etc. 
  • It purposes to ensure full participation, economic sustainability, equality and independent living for disabled individuals. 

THE REHABILITATION ACT (SECTION 504) 

The law (civil rights) prevents schools that receive federal funding from disability discrimination. The schools ensure that there are no barriers to people learning. 

The law is directed to all programs receiving financial assistance coming from federal government. All entities like government agencies, post secondary and K-12 schools must follow this Law. 

The education entities that use internet in teaching are directly affected by this law. 

THE ADA 

This law is for the Americans who are disabled. It is a law of civil rights prohibiting disability discrimination from all offering services and goods to public, employers and schools. 

The law is intended to ensure that people living with disabilities are given  opportunities and right similar  to everyone else. The subdivisions of the law include: 

  1. Employment: It helps disabled people access employment opportunities similar to everyone else. It is directed to employers who have 15 plus employees.  It deals with provision of reasonable accommodation and addresses issues of medical inquiries and examination.  
  1. Public Services governed by the state: It helps ensure that people with disabilities get access to activities, services and programs of public entities. It also deals with discrimination in public entities on  disability basis. It gives guidelines on planning and self evaluation in relation to disability discrimination prohibition guidelines. 
  1. Public Services and accommodation governed by entities that are private: It helps to ensure that public accommodation places like privately owned hotels, centers, schools etc. do not discriminate people living with disabilities. It also sets accessibility standards by removing barriers in buildings and facilitates reasonable modifications while dealing with disabled people. 
  1. Telecommunications: It enables individuals with speech and hearing disabilities communicate via telephone by ensuring that the internet and telephone companies provide  intrastate and interstate telecommunications services. 
  1. Miscellaneous Provisions: It clearly indicates how ADA relates to state community and other laws. It also shows it’s advantage on the insurance providers, prohibits coercion and retaliation, use of illegal drugs as well as attorney’s fees.